So, you’ve decided that you want to buy a house. Congratulations! This is a huge milestone in your life, and it’s one that should not be taken lightly. However, there are a lot of things to consider when purchasing a home. When you are buying a house, it is important to do your due diligence and evaluate all aspects of the property. The goal is to find any potential problems so that you can address them before you purchase the home.
In this blog post, we will discuss 12 types of evaluations that you should consider when buying a house. Keep in mind that this is not an exhaustive list – you may want to consider other evaluations depending on your specific situation. Let’s get started!
When you’re in the market for a new house, you’ll usually have a few properties in mind. Once you’ve narrowed down your choices based on photos, it’s time to start the real evaluations. The first type of evaluation is a visual evaluation or visual inspection. This is simply taking a look at the property and assessing its condition. Take note of any obvious problems, such as cracked walls or a sagging roof. Also, pay attention to the overall cleanliness of the property. A messy house is not necessarily a deal-breaker, but it could indicate that the previous owners did not take good care of the property. Many people underestimate the importance of a visual evaluation, but it can give you a lot of information about the condition of the property.
The next type of evaluation is a roof evaluation. This is an important evaluation because the roof is one of the most expensive parts of the house to repair or replace. When you’re evaluating the roof, pay attention to the following:
- The age of the roof – A newer roof will obviously be in better condition than an older roof. If the previous owners have recently replaced the roof, that’s a good sign. However, if the roof is old and needs to be replaced, that’s a major red flag.
- The condition of the shingles – Are the shingles in good condition or are they cracked, missing, or otherwise damaged?
- The gutters – Are the gutters clean and free of debris? Do they appear to be in good condition?
- The chimney – Take a look at the chimney to see if it appears to be in good condition.
This is just a brief overview of what to look for when you’re evaluating a roof. If you’re not comfortable doing this evaluation yourself, you can always hire a professional roofer to do it for you. In addition, roofing contractors deal with insurance companies all the time, so they can help you determine if the roof is covered by insurance. If it is, that’s one less thing you have to worry about!
Evaluation of the Foundation
The next evaluation is of the foundation. In addition to roofing, the foundation is one of the most expensive parts of a house to repair or replace. Therefore, it is important to make sure that the foundation is in good condition before purchasing a home. Some things to look for when evaluating the foundation are cracks, leaks, and unevenness. If there are any of these present, it is important to get an estimate of the repair costs from a professional before buying the house. For example, if there are cracks in the foundation, they may need to be filled in, and/or the foundation may need to be reinforced. Or, if the foundation is uneven, it may need to be leveled. These are just some of the potential repairs that could be required for a house with an unhealthy foundation, so it is important to be aware of them before making a purchase.
Doors and Windows Evaluation
Next on our list of evaluations are doors and windows. When you’re looking at doors and windows, there are a few things you’ll want to keep in mind:
- The condition of the frames – Are the frames in good condition or are they cracked, chipped, or otherwise damaged?
- The condition of the glass – Is the glass cracked or otherwise damaged?
- The sealant – Are the doors and windows properly sealed? If not, this can lead to drafts and energy loss.
It’s also important to make sure that all of the doors and windows in the house are up to code. This includes both the size and the material of the doors and windows. For example, if a window is too small, it may not be able to provide adequate ventilation. Or, if a door is made of flammable material, it may not be up to code.
Evaluation of the Pipes
The next evaluation is of the pipes. This is an important evaluation because faulty pipes can lead to serious problems, such as flooding. However, this isn’t something that you can easily evaluate yourself. Therefore, it is important to hire a professional plumber to do this evaluation for you. They will be able to tell you if the pipes are in good condition or if they need to be replaced. When looking for a plumber, be sure to find one that is licensed and insured. However, there are also some little things that you can check for yourself, such as leaks. If you see any water leaking from the pipes, that’s a major red flag and you should have them repaired or replaced as soon as possible.
Drainage System Evaluation
In addition to pipes, you’ll also want to have the drainage system evaluated. This is because a faulty drainage system can lead to flooding, just like faulty pipes. However, evaluating the drainage system is even more difficult than evaluating the pipes. Therefore, it is important to hire a professional contractor to do this evaluation for you. They will be able to tell you if the drainage system is in good condition or if it needs to be replaced. This is also something that a licensed and insured contractor will be able to do. In addition, they will be able to tell you if the drainage system is up to code.
Evaluation of Electrical System
The next evaluation on our list is of the electrical system. This is an important evaluation because a faulty electrical system can be very dangerous. For example, faulty wiring can lead to fires. Or, if the electrical system is not properly grounded, it can lead to shock. Therefore, it is important to have a professional electrician do this evaluation for you. They will be able to tell you if the electrical system is in good condition or if it needs to be repaired or replaced. In addition, they will be able to tell you if the electrical system is up to code. Similar to the evaluation of the pipes, there are also some things that you can check for yourself, such as loose outlets or exposed wires. If you see anything that looks unsafe, be sure to have it repaired or replaced as soon as possible.
Water Quality Evaluation
Imagine if you were to buy a house and then find out that the water was not safe to drink. That would be a nightmare! Therefore, it is important to have the water quality evaluated before you buy a house. This evaluation will tell you if the water is safe to drink or if it contains any contaminants. The evaluation will also tell you the level of hardness of the water. This is important because hard water can damage pipes and appliances. To have the water quality evaluated, you’ll need to hire a professional. However, there are also some things that you can check for yourself, such as the taste, smell, and color of the water. If you notice anything unusual about the water, be sure to have it evaluated. Furthermore, if you have a well, you’ll need to have the water tested more frequently. This is because wells are more likely to become contaminated than public water sources.
Pest Infestation Evaluation
Pests can be a huge nightmare, especially if they’re termites. Termites can cause a lot of damage to a house and they can be very difficult to get rid of. Because of this, it is important to have a professional inspect the house for any signs of pests. They will be able to tell you if there are any pests present and what kind of pest it is. Besides termites, other pests that you should look out for include rats, mice, cockroaches, and ants. If you see any of these pests, be sure to have the house treated as soon as possible. Or, better yet, don’t buy a house if it has any pests. Pests tend to come back after a certain period of time, so if you don’t want to deal with them, it’s best to just avoid them altogether.
Hazardous Substances Evaluation
Hazardous substances can be very dangerous, so it is important to have a professional evaluate the house for any hazardous substances. These substances can include lead paint, asbestos, radon gas, and mold. All of these substances can be very dangerous to your health. For example, they can cause respiratory problems, cancer, and other serious health conditions. Therefore, it is important to have the house evaluated for any hazardous substances before you buy it. How? Well, a professional will be able to take samples of the substance and send them to a laboratory for testing. If the results come back positive, then you’ll know that there are hazardous substances present in the house. And, if you don’t want to deal with them, you can just avoid buying the house altogether. On the other hand, if the results come back negative, then you can feel confident that the house is safe. At least when it comes to hazardous substances.
Kitchen and Bathroom Appliances Evaluation
Another evaluation you’ll want to do is of the kitchen and bathroom appliances. This includes both major and minor appliances. For one, you’ll want to make sure that all of the appliances are in good working order. This means that they should be clean and free of any damage. In addition, you’ll want to make sure that they’re up to date. For example, if the stove is from the 1950s, it might not be as energy-efficient as a newer model. The same goes for the refrigerator, dishwasher, and other major appliances. As for minor appliances, you’ll want to make sure that they’re also in good working order and up to date. This includes things like the toaster, coffee maker, and blender.
There are a few other evaluations you should do when buying a house. Besides roof, foundation, doors and windows, pipes, electrical system, water quality, pest infestation, hazardous substances, and kitchen and bathroom appliances, you should also have the following evaluated:
- HVAC system
- septic tank
These are all important aspects of a house. And, if they’re not in good condition, it can end up costing you a lot of money to fix them. Therefore, it’s best to have them evaluated before you buy the house. That way, you can avoid any surprises down the road.
Now that you know what evaluations to do when buying a house, you’re one step closer to finding your dream home. Keep in mind that these evaluations are just a starting point. There are other things you’ll need to consider, such as your budget, location, and more. But, if you do your due diligence and have the house thoroughly evaluated, you’ll be in good shape. And, before you know it, you’ll be moving into your new home. So, start with some major evaluations such as the roof, foundation, and electrical system. Then, move on to some of the other evaluations. And, before you know it, you’ll be one step closer to finding your perfect home. Hopefully, this article has helped you learn a little bit more about real estate and the different evaluations you should do when buying a house. Good luck!